Indira Gandhi National Open University(IGNOU), was established by an Act of Parliament in 1985. To advance and disseminate learning and knowledge by a diversity of means,including the use of information communication technology, to provide opportunities for higher education to a larger segment of the population and to promote the educational well being of the community generally, to encourage the Open University and distance education systems in the educational pattern of the country and to coordinate and determine standards in such system. The Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) invites Online applications for admission to various courses in Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)-2021 for all the eligible candidates, in the prescribed Application Form available on IGNOU’s Website (